What Is Propylene Glycol, and What Does It Do in Our Food?

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If you’re looking for a delicious and moist cake recipe that uses propylene glycol, you’ve come to the right place! This guide will show you how to make a propylene glycol cake that is sure to please everyone at your next party or gathering. Propylene glycol is a clear, colorless, and odorless liquid that is often used in food products as a preservative or to enhance flavor. It is also a common ingredient in many cosmetics and personal care products. When used in baking, propylene glycol helps to keep cakes moist and prevents them from drying out. It also gives cakes a lovely sheen and a fluffy texture. So, if you’re looking for a moist and delicious cake recipe that uses propylene glycol, this is the guide for you!

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Propylene glycol monostearate (PGMS) is a food additive which dissolves some compounds better than water and also retains moisture well. This makes it an excellent emulsifier and a stabilizer, and it can be found in a wide range of processed foods and beverages. It is also excellent in emulsified shortenings and as an aerating emulsifier for cakes and whipped toppings.

  • Propylene glycol monostearate (pgms) is a good emulsifier and a wetting agent.
  • It also enhances the stabilization of the mixture and acts as a instantizing agent, release agent, as well as antioxidant or dispersant.
  • It is used in cakes as an anticaking agent, antioxidant and shortening.
  • In bakery it used for its dough strengthening, thickening, texture enhancing properties. it also prevents loss of moisture.

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  • What Is Propylene Glycol?
  • Propylene Glycol Uses
  • Which Foods Contain Propylene Glycol?
  • Is Propylene Glycol In Food Safe?
  • What Are Some Side Effects Of Propylene Glycol?
  • How To Avoid Propylene Glycol
  • The Bottom Line

If you’ve noticed that the cake you baked from a store-bought mix had an extra moist texture, it’s probably because the mix contained a form of propylene glycol. This ingredient is also added to salad dressings to help keep the spices evenly dispersed and to prevent oil separation.

Propylene glycol is a compound that belongs to a group of chemicals known as alcohols. It’s a clear, colorless, and odorless liquid that is water-soluble and has a sweet taste (

Propylene glycol is used as a food additive because it can help keep food moist, prevent spoilage, and enhance flavor. It’s also used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals (

Many are alarmed by this ingredient because it’s confused with ethylene glycol, which is found in antifreeze and is considered poisonous (). However, propylene glycol is much less toxic than ethylene glycol and is used in a variety of products, including food.

Other names for propylene glycol are 1,2-propanediol, 1,2-dihydroxy propane, Methyl ethyl glycol, and Trimethyl glycol (

On ingredient lists, it may be listed under Propylene glycol, Propylene glycol mono and diester, E1520 or 1520.

The big issueHistorically, the main issues with cake gels have been the number of ingredients needed to make and stabilize them (clue #1: it’s a large number) and the nature of some of those ingredients (clue #2: they’re not very nice).The typical cake gel contains seven to nine ingredients, including:At least two types of emulsifiers, including alpha crystals (E471, such as Palsgaard® DMG mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids), an alpha emulsifier (E475, such as Palsgaard® PGE polyglycerol esters of fatty acids), and propylene glycol esters (E477)A combination of solvents – mono-propylene glycol (E1520), sorbitol (E420), sugar, glycerol (E422)Stabilizers – typically stearic acid, plus NaOH (sodium hydroxide, also known as lye or caustic soda, which is highly corrosive) or KOH (potassium hydroxide, also known as caustic potash – another corrosive chemical), and sodium/potassium stearateCaCl2 (salt)Water“The more ingredients you have in a cake gel recipe, the greater the scope for quality control issues, supply chain problems, and ingredient imbalances in production. The more things you have to handle during the process, the bigger chance that mistakes will happen,”The cake gel dream teamWhen working on the new cake gel formulation, rather than reinvent the wheel, Allan and his team turned to Palsgaard’s extensive range of emulsifiers already being used by cake gel manufacturers. After many months of experimentation, they hit paydirt – the dream team of Palsgaard® 1367 plus Palsgaard® Gel 0714.When these are mixed in the ratio of 5% Palsgaard® Gel 0714 and 28% Palsgaard® 1367, together with 14% mono propylene glycol, and 53% water, the result is the perfect combination of good stability and good whippability required for an excellent aerated batter, boasting the gold standard cake gel stability of 12 months – with just four ingredients and not a caustic one in sight.“The new cake gel is easier to handle because we’ve got rid of dangerous, corrosive chemicals, so we’re reducing the risk of serious work-related accidents. And procurement is far easier, with fewer raw materials and fewer suppliers. The whole process is quicker and more cost-effective because the batter will whip faster and you’re adding in fewer ingredients. Production is more sustainable, too, as all the ingredients are coming from our carbon-neutral factory and it’s a more efficient process. We also use only RSPO-certified palm oil, which is as sustainable as it gets.”

The real truth about propylene glycol is a bit more complicated . The research surrounding this substance is limited in regard to many types of cases, while it’s still a legal ingredient in many foods, including flavored iced coffees, and other products.

What Is Propylene Glycol?

Propylene glycol also helps to dissolve ingredients that are added to products so that the product forms an ideal consistency. It’s also a safe food additive that exhibits low levels of toxicity within the body.

Propylene glycol is found in thousands of cosmetic products as well as a large number of processed foods products. Another place you will find it is in many medications, serving as a way to help your body absorb chemicals more efficiently. It’s also a common ingredient in electronic cigarettes, contributing to taste and “smoothness” of the smoke.

What foods contain propylene glycol?

Propylene glycol is approved for use in many processed and packaged foods, including:

Baked goods and desserts

Baking and flavoring mixes

Most fast food

Flavors and colors used in food products

Considering all the foods that propylene glycol is added to, it’s also helpful to know that it functions in food as a humectant (pulling moisture toward it) and solvent (helping to dissolve one ingredient in another). Propylene glycol is also an anti-caking agent, antioxidant, dough strengthener, emulsifier, flavor agent, formulation aid, stabilizer and thickener, glazing agent, texturizer, and antimicrobial agent . While this information may be helpful to know, you may wonder if propylene glycol is safe to consume.

How safe is propylene glycol?

In 1982, the FDA approved propylene glycol as a safe food additive and deemed it a “Generally Recognized as Safe,” or GRAS, ingredient. In doing so, the FDA set strict guidelines so that the maximum amount of propylene glycol that is used in a food product would not exceed the levels that were considered safe. In keeping with this restriction, manufacturers are only allowed to use a certain amount of propylene glycol based on food and beverage types. Further, the World Health Organization (WHO) has set daily intake restrictions so that consumers and food companies remain aware that the acceptable dietary intake, or ADI, for propylene glycol is 25 mg for every kilogram (kg) of body weight. Both efforts, by the FDA and the WHO, ensure our safety when consuming foods containing propylene glycol.

While it can be hard to calculate the amount of propylene glycol in each food product you eat, it is likely that you will not consume propylene glycol in toxic amounts. Most products contain small amounts of propylene glycol, and it degrades rapidly in the body.

Propylene glycol has been used for decades in a variety of products, including commercial antifreeze and plane deicing products, paint, medicine, cosmetic products, and many types of food.

No large bodies of research exist about the safety of propylene glycol for humans.

Propylene glycol is considered “generally” safe by the FDA.

Most of the time, propylene glycol does not accumulate in your body, as it breaks down within 48 hours of ingestion or exposure.

Propylene glycol is soluble in water.

It may cause a variety of mild to moderate side effects in humans. Rare cases suggest severe allergy to propylene glycol that could eventually (but unlikely) lead to death.

People with liver or kidney problems, the elderly, pregnant or nursing mothers, and their infants should attempt to limit their exposure to propylene glycol.

In order to avoid ingesting or being exposed to this substance, you should read the labels on your food and makeup, and make every effort to eat unprocessed foods regularly.

It’s unlikely that you will experience any major adverse reactions to propylene glycol through normal exposure from food or cosmetics.

The ingredients listed on some food products may sound as though they belong in a chemistry lab rather than in grocery store goods. Propylene glycol is one such example, found in thousands of products from salad dressing to dog food, cosmetics and antifreeze. This synthetic chemical, generally regarded as safe for food use, helps products maintain their moisture, consistency and texture, which is why it’s commonly found in packaged consumables and household products.

Propylene Glycol Basics

Propylene glycol begins its life as a chemical called propene, which is a byproduct of the fuel industry or the fermentation of plants. Propene is converted into propylene oxide, a potentially harmful chemical that is also used to make polypropylene-based plastics. Adding water to propylene oxide, also known as hydrolyzing it, creates propylene glycol.

Propylene glycol is a diol alcohol, so it is sometimes listed on products as 1,2-propanediol or propane1,2-diol. It also shows up on some ingredients listings as E1520, methyl ethyl glycol, trimethyl glycol or 1,2-dihydroxypropane, making it trickier to determine which products contain propylene glycol.

On its own, propylene glycol is a clear, odorless liquid that is a bit more syrupy than water. It doesn’t add much, if any, flavor to foods, which is another reason why it’s commonly used in packaged food product, medications and personal-care goods such as deodorant and perfume.

Propylene Glycol Uses

Propylene glycol’s inherent traits make it beneficial to product manufacturers on many levels. The chemical is used to thicken items, keep them moist and help prevent caking. As an anti-caking agent, it comes in handy for keeping dried and powdered items such as soup mixes and grated cheeses from sticking together. Oddly enough, it also helps blend items together, such as the oil with the water-based ingredients in some salad dressings.

Propylene glycol uses also include stabilizing and preserving all sorts of products, increasing their shelf life. Some manufacturers add propylene glycol to ensure even flavor and color distribution in packaged foods. It’s even used in the liquid that creates smoke for a smoke or fog machine and to improve the “smoothness” of vaping or e-cigarette liquids.

This chemical is also used as a solvent in the paint, plastic and food industries. Solvents help dissolve other chemicals.

Propylene Glycol in Food

The United States government regulates how much of this chemical is deemed safe for food use stateside. In the U.S., up to 50 grams propylene glycol per kilogram of food product is considered a safe amount, while the European Union has stricter regulations, limiting it to 3 grams per kilogram for foods and beverages.

In one instance, an alcoholic beverage company received a bit of backlash in the European Union when it accidentally sent the U.S. version of a cinnamon whisky to several European countries. The drink was pulled from shelves in several countries for containing too much propylene glycol, even though that same formulation would be considered safe in the States.

Foods Containing Propylene Glycol

Many foods containing a laundry list of ingredients also contain propylene glycol. Some of the more common packaged foods containing it include dried soups and seasoning blends, marinades and salad dressings and baking mixes for products such as cakes, pancakes and muffins. In the beverage world, soft drinks, flavored teas, powdered drink mixes and alcoholic beverages may also contain propylene glycol. It is also used in some flavoring extracts for baking, as well as in some types of food coloring.

Propylene glycol is also quite common in fast foods, bread-based products, highly processed snack foods, flavored popcorn and cake frosting. Pre-made, mass-distributed baked desserts such as brownies, cakes and cupcakes may also contain this chemical. Even some ice cream flavors contain propylene glycol.

Marshmallows, dried coconut shreds and even some cans of nuts contain propylene glycol, as it helps retain an acceptable moisture level in these foods.

Cosmetic and Pharmaceutical Use

Propylene glycol is quite common in cosmetic and personal care products, as well as in some medications, for the same reasons it’s used in packaged foods. This chemical helps prevent some cosmetics from drying out or caking while helping ensure even color distribution and consistent texture. It is also used in some body fragrances, deodorants, toothpastes, shampoos and hair dye products, as well as in hair removal creams and hair mousse.

Some mascara also contains propylene glycol, as well as cosmetic concealers, aftershaves and cuticle-treatment products. Even diaper ointments and baby lotions contain propylene glycol; in other words, it’s found in products dotting the shelves of nearly every aisle in a drugstore or grocery store.

In the pharmaceutical world, propylene glycol makes topical, intravenous and oral medications more soluble. When used in a lotion or ointment, propylene glycol increases the skin’s ability to absorb whatever it’s applied to it, which could help medications work better.

Although a rare occurrence, some skin irritation could occur among those sensitive to this chemical. This may also happen after frequent skin exposure to propylene glycol. Those sensitive to propylene glycol may develop a rash or contact dermatitis, even if using a shampoo or moisturizer containing the chemical.

The Antifreeze Connection

The fact that propylene glycol is used in both antifreeze and food products may seem alarming, but the reason it’s used in both substances may come as a surprise. Another chemical with a similar name, ethylene glycol, was once widely used in many brands of antifreeze to lower the freezing point of the product.

This chemical, much more toxic than propylene glycol, also smells sweeter. Pets and wildlife coming across pools of ethylene glycol antifreeze outdoors found the scent enticing and would drink it, to their demise. Some antifreeze manufacturers switched out the ethylene glycol for propylene glycol to make the product much safer and less appealing to pets.

Even though considered safer than the ethylene glycol versions of antifreeze, it should still not be left out where pets, children or even stray animals may consume it. Antifreeze contains other chemicals and dyes and is not designed for consumption.

Other Household Product Uses

Propylene glycol is also found in other household goods besides antifreeze, foods, medications and personal-care products. This ingredient is found in some soaps, including coconut-oil-based soaps. It’s also in spray-based car tire inflators, vinyl and rubber conditioners, foaming tire protectants, automotive scratch removers and leather protectants.

Propylene glycol is also in some hand cleaners designed for garage use, as well as in air fresheners and construction adhesives. Foaming degreasers, floor sealants, wall spackling and crack repair products and wood stain also contain this chemical. Milk paint, acrylic paint and enamel paints also contain propylene glycol, and the list doesn’t stop there.

Caulk, ready-mixed tile grout, wallpaper stripper, boat epoxy and numerous laundry detergents and stain removers contain propylene glycol. Dishwashing detergent, metal polish and rust or soap scum removers also contain this chemical.

The U.S. National Library of Medicine’s website offers an exhaustive list of common household products containing propylene glycol. The list includes specific brand names for easy reference, although the list is not in alphabetical or even categorical order.

Propylene Glycol Dangers

Even though propylene glycol is generally considered safe, it may cause health concerns for those sensitive to it or for those with other existing health issues. Close to half of this chemical is excreted after it reaches the kidneys in a healthy human body, with the rest of the chemical converting into lactic acid. This means that for most people, exposure to safe levels of propylene glycol, even on a repeated basis, is not cause for concern.

Toxicity from ingestion has been reported only once, when a man drank the contents of an ice pack containing propylene glycol, which most likely was not of a food-grade quality and may have contained other potentially harmful chemicals. Another potential instance involved a man that consumed so much of a cinnamon whisky containing this chemical that he became unconscious, although the report did not indicate whether propylene glycol contributed to his condition.

For even an otherwise healthy individual, consuming dangerously toxic levels of propylene glycol could lead to a buildup of lactic acid, which could cause kidney failure, especially if the chemical is consumed in dangerous quantities on a repeated basis.

Kidney and Liver Concerns

Individuals with kidney or liver disease may want to limit or completely avoid products containing propylene glycol, as their bodies may not be able to process the chemical properly. High doses of some medications such as lorazepam may also be of concern for those with existing health issues, as the medicine may introduce potentially problematic amounts of propylene glycol into the body over the course of a few days.

Potential Dangers for Kids and Moms-to-Be

Propylene glycol should also be largely avoided by pregnant women, infants and toddlers. Compared to other people, these groups have low amounts of the enzyme that breaks down propylene glycol in the body, which means they could develop toxicity if exposed to large amounts of the chemical through medications. An infant takes three times as long as the typical adult to expel propylene glycol from the body. Even an oral or injectable vitamin solution containing large amounts of propylene glycol could cause seizures or irregular heartbeat, especially in young children.

Known by Other Names

It’s not always easy to tell if a product contains propylene glycol because is often isn’t listed as such on an ingredients label. Besides the previously mentioned terms, this chemical may also show up as 1,2-Propylenglykol, methyl glycol, alpha-propyleneglycol, isopropylene glycol and Dowfrost, a branded version offered by Dow Chemical Company.

To prevent confusion when trying to avoid products containing propylene glycol, avoid any product containing chemicals with terms similar to the aforementioned. If unsure, search the specific chemical online to determine whether it is really propylene glycol.

Some forms of propylene glycol are made from vegetable-based products, which is also good to know if you’re trying to avoid petroleum-derived products. In most cases, companies using the vegetable-based chemical clearly state so on their websites and packaging materials. Tom’s of Maine is one such company.

Another way to avoid propylene glycol products is to ask for ingredients listings for any medications, including prescription drugs and vitamin solutions. Carefully read package listings on personal care products in particular, as so many of these, even those labeled as “natural,” contain the chemical. Better still, whip up recipes from simple ingredients as often as possible and avoid junk foods, processed food mixes and even frozen meals that often contain an abundance of additives.

Kathy Adams is an award-winning writer and avid DIYer. She has written numerous recipes for grocery store chains, as well as articles tool and paint manufacturers and travel sites. She also writes about the best neighborhood restaurants and bars for upscale real-estate firms around the country. Her work also appears on USA Today Travel, Hunker and Landlordology, among other sites.

In food applications, propylene glycol is often used as (

  • An anti-caking agent – to keep powdered ingredients from clumping together
  • An emulsifier – to help mix ingredients that don’t normally mix well, such as oil and water
  • An antioxidant – to prevent fats and oils from going rancid
  • A preservative – to help prevent bread and cake from going stale
  • A dough strengthener – to help prevent the bread from becoming crumbly
  • A flavor enhancer – to amplify or “carry” flavors
  • A humectant – to keep food moist (this is why it’s often added to cakes and other baked goods)
  • A stabilizer – to help prevent ice crystals from forming in ice cream

Propylene glycol is also used in:

  • Cosmetics – to help keep products moist and to act as a solvent for other ingredients
  • Pharmaceuticals – as a vehicle for oral, topical, and injectable medications; as an antifreeze for intravenous solutions; and to help keep ear drops from drying out
  • Toothpaste – as a humectant
  • Deodorants – to help prevent sweating

The Bottom Line

While propylene glycol is considered safe for most people, some groups may be more susceptible to the potential side effects of the chemical. If you fall into one of these groups, it is important to be aware of the risks and take steps to avoid excessive exposure to propylene glycol.


This article is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional advice or help and should not be relied on to make decisions of any kind. Any action you take upon the information presented in this article is strictly at your own risk and responsibility!


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It is used to keep moisture in food, cosmetics, and medications, in addition to absorbing extra water. Color and flavor are used in food and beverages, as well as in paint and plastics industries. Propylene glycol is also used to make artificial smoke or fog in theater productions as well as fire-fighting training.

A polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, such as propane glycol (PG), has an extremely hygroscopic and colorless appearance. Although PG and ethylene glycol are both dangerous chemicals, they are not the same. Because of its ability to break up ice crystals, PG is a popular antifreeze additive. The humectant and stabilizer are both derived from the same compound, namelypropyl glycol (PG). This is a non-bio-accumulative substance, which means it does not accumulate in our bodies. PG is used in more than 67 of the products provided by Lush cosmetics. PG is becoming more popular as a result of its natural production.

Smoking is no longer a threat, thanks to e-cigarettes, which are far less harmful. E-cigarettes contain a wide range of ingredients, including vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol. Because glycerin is a viscous substance, e-liquid containing it contributes to the thickening of vapour clouds. Residue from e-cigarettes cannot accumulate due to the low PG density.

Propanediol, a clear, colorless, slightly syrupy liquid with a sweet flavor, is also an alternative to propylene glycol in the production of perfumes. Propanediol is used in a wide range of products, including e-cigarettes, vape pens, and food products. Propanediol is also extremely safe and has no known side effects.

The Many Benefits Of Propylene Glycol

There is a lot of conflicting information about the dangers of propylene glycol. Some people claim that it is perfectly safe, while others say that it can cause a variety of health problems.

Research shows that propylene glycol has very low toxicity (). Poisoning rarely occurs from propylene glycol unless very large amounts are ingested, more often through medication than food.

Potential effects of ingesting very large amounts of propylene glycol include:

Dangers For People With Kidney Or Liver Disease

The kidney and liver work together to remove propylene glycol from the body. However, people with kidney or liver diseases may not be able to process propylene glycol as well, which can lead to a buildup of the chemical in their bodies. This can be dangerous and potentially lead to serious health problems (

Dangers For Young Children And Pregnant Women

Both infants and pregnant women have low levels of the enzyme needed to break down propylene glycol. This means that they may be more likely to experience side effects from exposure to the chemical (

Seizures are a potential side effect in young children, while pregnant women may experience reproductive toxicity (

Dangers For People With Allergies

People with allergies to propylene glycol may experience a variety of symptoms when they are exposed to this chemical (). These can range from mild (such as skin irritation) to severe (such as difficulty breathing). In rare cases, anaphylactic shock may occur.

Risk Of Heart Attack

Very high doses of propylene glycol have been shown to cause heart attacks in animals. It rapidly decreases heart rate, causes low blood pressure, and can lead to cardiac arrest (

However, it’s important to note that these effects have only been seen in animals at very high doses. There is no evidence that propylene glycol poses a risk of heart attack in humans.

There is one reported case of a child suffering the loss of heart function while being treated for burns with a propylene glycol-based ointment (

The child received a very high dose of propylene glycol (the ointment was applied over a large area of the child’s body), and it is not clear if the propylene glycol or other factors contributed to the heart problems (

Neurological Effects

Large doses of propylene glycol can cause neurological effects, such as slurred speech, dizziness, and drowsiness (

Scientists observed that these symptoms disappear within 6 hours (). It’s important to note that these symptoms were observed due to the ingredient in the medication, not food.

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Which Foods Contain Propylene Glycol?

Many foods contain this ingredient. While the propylene glycol food list below isn’t comprehensive, it contains most of the common foods that contain this ingredient.

  • Baked goods, including cake mixes, muffins, quick bread, and cookies
  • Canned fruits, vegetables, soups, and stews
  • Condiments, such as ketchup, salad dressing, mayonnaise, and BBQ sauce
  • Dairy products, such as ice cream, frozen yogurt, and non-dairy creamer
  • Packaged meals, such as macaroni and cheese, pizza, and ramen noodles
  • Drinks, including beer, wine, and soda
  • Jams and jellies

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How To Avoid Propylene Glycol

While propylene glycol is present in many food items, there are some ways to avoid it if you’re concerned about your exposure.

  • Check food labels carefully: Propylene glycol may be listed as an ingredient in food products, cosmetics, and medications.
  • Avoid ultra processed foods: Many highly processed foods contain propylene glycol, so avoiding these can help reduce your exposure.
  • Choose organic foods: Organically produced foods are less likely to contain propylene glycol than non-organic foods, especially if they are less processed.
  • Eat whole foods: Whole foods are less likely to contain propylene glycol than processed foods.

Is Propylene Glycol In Food Safe?

The FDA has categorized propylene glycol as “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS), which means that it’s safe for use in food (). The European Union (EU) has also approved propylene glycol as a food additive (

While propylene glycol is considered safe, there are some concerns about its potential effects on health. These concerns stem from the fact that propylene glycol is metabolized into lactic acid, which is naturally produced in the body but can be harmful in high concentrations.

In one study, rats that were fed a diet containing very high amounts of propylene glycol for six weeks had increased levels of lactic acid in their blood, but it was not enough to cause harm (metabolic acidosis) (

Propylene glycol is also a skin irritant, and it’s possible that it could be harmful if inhaled (). Inhaling large amounts of propylene glycol has been linked to lung damage in animals (

So, while propylene glycol is considered safe when used in food, there are some potential risks to be aware of. If you’re concerned about the safety of this ingredient, you may want to avoid foods that contain it.

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In addition to dairy products, baked goods, ice cream, yogurt, and infant formula, propylene glycol is widely used in food as an additive. It is an excellent coolant and antifreeze agent. It is generally safe to consume propylene glycol, but there are some things to be aware of. To begin, it is possible that propylene glycol, like many other food additives, may cause side effects in people who have certain medical conditions. In any case, while propylene glycol is generally recognized as safe, there are still some concerns about its use in food that must be addressed. When it comes to food safety, there are a few things you should keep in mind when using propylene glycol. When used in conjunction with certain medical conditions, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, propylene glycol is known to cause gastrointestinal issues. People who are likely to be exposed to propylene glycol are also more likely to develop kidney or liver failure. Finally, while propylene glycol is generally recognized as safe, there are still some concerns that need to be addressed when using this additive in food, such as the risk of it forming toxic compounds when mixed with other ingredients or foods.

The Fda’s Opinion On Propylene Glycol

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Propylene glycol is a food additive that helps to keep baked goods moist. It is also used as a preservative to help extend the shelf life of food products.

Almost all of the products we use every day contain the ingredient propyl glycol. It is frequently used in the preparation of prepared foods to keep moisture in the food and improve its flavor. The FDA ensures the safety and efficacy of the product by regulating its use and consumption. As a result, it is no longer used in antifreeze due to its lower toxicity.

Because propylene glycol is anemulsifier, texturizer, and processing aid, it is frequently used by food manufacturers to improve the appearance of their products. It is a food additive that provides moisture, texture, and a smooth appearance in a wide variety of foods.

What Are The Dangers Of Propylene Glycol?

Even though PG is generally safe in high doses or when used for extended periods of time, it can cause toxicity. PG has been linked to reported side effects in the central nervous system (CNS), such as hyperosmolarity, hemolysis, cardiac arrhythmia, seizures, agitation, and lactic acidosis.

Avoid Propylene Glycol To Keep Your Skin Healthy

If you are not allergic to propylene glycol, you must avoid using it in any skin products that contain it. To avoid using these products, only use ingredients other than propylene glycol as the primary source of protein. Look for products that contain methyl glycol or 1,2-propanediol as their primary ingredients.

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